Mujulima Project

MUJULIMA is a collaborative research project with experts from nine European universities, companies and organisations with the aim to develop innovative materials for efficient, stable and cheap organic photovoltaic cells that will ensure cost effective production and commercialization.

Funded through the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-NMP-2013), the MUJULIMA project has officially launched on January 1st, 2014 and will run for 3 years (until December 31st, 2016).

Innovative materials for high performing OPV

The general objective of MUJULIMA is to develop high performance commercially competitive materials with excellent intrinsic stabilities for the cost-effective production of double and triple junction OPVs, for improved light management and for enhanced outdoor stability to achieve high module efficiencies (>15%) and lifetime (>10 years).

In other words: the partners in the MUJULIMA project are aiming to develop innovative materials for efficient, stable and cheap organic photovoltaic cells that will ensure cost effective production and commercialization.

What’s in a name?

The project’s full title is: "Innovative Materials for Multiple Junction OPVs and for Improved Light Management". The project acronym is MUJULIMA. These letters are an abbreviation of the project’s full name: Innovative Materials forMultiple Junction OPVs and for Improved Light Management.

Main Objectives

The general objective of MUJULIMA is to develop high performance commercially competitive materials with excellent intrinsic stabilities for the cost-effective production of double and triple junction OPVs, for improved light management and for enhanced outdoor stability to achieve high module efficiencies (> 15%) and lifetime (> 10 years).

Development of innovative materials for efficient, stable and cheap OPVs<

In other words: the partners in the MUJULIMA project are aiming to develop innovative materials for efficient, stable and cheap organic photovoltaic cells that will ensure cost effective production and commercialization.

The general objective will be achieved by following the three main objectives:

1. Production of multiple junction OPVs

Design and synthesis of innovative photoactive materials as well as novel interlayer materials and their functional performance (molecular weight, polydispersity, crystallinity, morphology with fullerenes, charge carrier mobility, etc.) followed by characterization and optimization in order to produce multiple junction OPVs.

2. Better light management

Development of materials for better light management within the module by employing up- and down-converter materials (IR to VIS/NIR and UV to VIS) for enhanced spectral usage of the solar spectrum.

3. Improvement of lifetime and stability

Improvement of the lifetime and stability of the modules by identifying and remediating the degradation mechanisms at material and stack level (layer/material interfaces).

Research and development

Figure 1 Schematic illustration of the MUJULIMA concept

This figure schematically illustrates the concept of MUJULIMA and the simplified approach to achieve the general objective by the following three main objectives:

1. Production of multiple junction OPVs

Design and synthesis of innovative photoactive materials as well as novel interlayer materials and their functional performance (molecular weight, polydispersity, crystallinity, morphology with fullerenes, charge carrier mobility, etc.) followed by characterization and optimization in order to produce multiple junction OPVs.

1.     Innovative photoactive materials will focus on novel donor-acceptor conjugated polymers with sufficient variation in optical band gaps to achieve high efficiencies in single, double and triple junction devices.

2.     Novel interlayer materials will comprise of organic (e.g. polyelectrolytes) and inorganic (e.g. metal oxides) materials to increase charge selectiveness of the contacts and to adjust the work function to improve the ohmicity of the contact.

These materials will first be tested in single junction OPV cells, measuring the energy conversion efficiencies of the cells and performing stability and lifetime tests. To reach high energy conversion cell efficiencies (17% or higher) needed to achieve high module efficiencies (15% or larger) the new photoactive and interlayer materials will be employed in architectures with double and triple junctions.

2. Better light management

Development of materials for better light management within the module by employing up- and down-converter materials (IR to VIS/NIR and UV to VIS) for enhanced spectral usage of the solar spectrum. This will provide an additional relative efficiency increase of at least 15%. Cost efficient use of materials will be ensured by low cost printing/coating technologies and laser scribing. To achieve the highest possible efficiencies the optimum thickness of the different layers within the multiple junction cells will be predicted by electro-optical modelling. Optical modelling will be used to find the best arrangements of (plasmonic) micro- and nanostructures for improved light incoupling (enhanced absorption).

3. Improvement of lifetime and stability

Improvement of the lifetime and stability of the modules by identifying and remediating the degradation mechanisms at material and stack level (layer/material interfaces) will be achieved by developing accelerated ageing test protocols and by improving the outdoor performance of encapsulation materials using special coatings.